Human ancestors were using fire a million years ago


Implication = 300 000 years earlier than was previously thought!

Wonderwerk caves in South Africa: The huge cave near the edge of the Kalahari Desert has been the scene of previous excavations which have uncovered an extensive record of human occupation


Rock art in Wonderwerk cave 40km from Kuruman Northern Cape South Africa: Ash found in a layer dated at a million years old hints that inhabitants of the cave were using fire a million years ago


Nature, Nurture and Interaction and what about The Media?


I refer to my previous blog

On the news this morning – another school shooting. Guns don’t kill, people do.

There are now many cases documented where children go on killing sprees, Maybe you will still remember  Eric Harris and  Dylan Klebold who killed 12 pupils and one teacher.  Both were to some extent problem children and were taken to psychologists and psychiatrists,  yet  neither society nor parents would ever grasp what these 2 were planning.

Their parents will of course never live a normal life again. And they are the ones that are then punished by being ostracised and even sued by society. Susan Harris in an essay to Oprah confessed – I did not have an  inkling. And I believe her.





But what can a parent do? You cannot lock children up because you suspect they may be violent killers. And what parent would want to believe so anyway?

Dis you see the movie or read the book We need to talk About Kevin?  Here the mother felt she was guilty – maybe she simply did not love Kevin enough and needs to be punished for his deed.

An even more interesting book is Defending Jacob written by William Landy.  Jacob’s grandfather and great grandfather were both murderers Did he inherit the gene?

And I quote something very interesting from the book

There are two specific gene variants that have been linked to male antisocial behavior, which might help account for multigenerational patterns of violence in families ….

The first is an allele of a gene called MAOA. The MAOA gene controls an enzyme that metabolizes certain neurotransmitters like serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine. It’s been called ‘the warrior gene’ because of its association with aggressive behavior. The mutation is called MAOA Knockout. It has been argued in court as a trigger for violence before, but the argument was too simplistic and it was rejected. Our understanding of the gene-environment interplay has improved since then—the science is getting better and very quickly—and we may have better testimony now.

“The second mutation is located in what’s called the serotonin transporter gene.

The official name for the gene is SLC6A4. It’s located on chromosome 17. It encodes a protein that facilitates the activity of the serotonin transporter system, which is what enables the re-uptake of serotonin from the synapse back into the neuron.”

= nature.

Furthermore some other variants – narcissistic personality  – characteristics are grandiosity and lack of empathy.


And then Reactive Attachment Disorder – E g relate to others in inappropriate ways, sometimes grossly inappropriate ways: aggression, rage, lying, defiance, lack of remorse, cruelty; overfamiliarity, hyperactivity, self-endangerment…..

“The definition of this disorder requires some sort of disruption in early caregiving….


Will we ever have an answer?

Another school shooting !


Ten of the Most Evil Children in History, with number One exclusively dedicated to one foul group. The age limit for this list is 17 years.

Bryan Freeman, 17, and David, 16, who had shaved and tattooed their heads as a symbol of their neo-Nazi beliefs, were immediate suspects when their parents and younger brother were found bludgeoned to death in their Salisbury Township, PA, home. The boys had been terrorizing the family and, as a whole, the town

In 1964, when Edmund Kemper was 15, he shot his grandparents, killing them both doctors believe that he had recovered Kemper murdered and dismembered eight women over the next five years

In 1998, 14-year-old Joshua Phillips bludgeoned his 8-year-old neighbor to death and hid her body beneath his bed

Willie Bosket, born on December 9, 1962, is a convicted murderer, whose crimes, committed while he was still a minor, led to a change in New York state law, so that juveniles as young as thirteen could be tried in adult court for murder and would face the same penalties.

Mary Laurine (Laurie) Tackett was born on October 5, 1974 in Madison, Indiana. Her mother was a fundamentalist Pentecostal Christian and her father was a factory worker with two felony convictions and prison stints in the 1960s

On Monday, January 29, 1979, 16-year-old Brenda Ann Spencer used a rifle to wound eight children and one police officer at Cleveland Elementary School in San Diego, and to kill Principal Burton Wragg and custodian Mike Suchar  Here is the frightening bit – She used the rifle she had recently been given for Christmas by her father. Her reason ? “ I don’t like Mondays. This livens up the day”

Jon Venables and Robert Thompson (both 10 years old) had been stealing things all day at the shopping center — candy, a troll doll, some batteries, a can of blue paint, and other incidentals  They also ‘stole’ and killed  2 year-old James Bulger

Jesse Pomeroy was 14 when he was arrested in 1874 for the horrific murder of a four-year-old boy.

School Shootings of which there are many now.

From  http://listverse.com/2007/11/23/top-10-evil-children/